BP 11 Brian Seeblack

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Contents

Location of collection

Beaver Pond on Georgia Gwinnett College campus

Date of collection

August 2012

Shannon-Wiener Index of Biodiversity

Pictures

No Picture to display of exoskeleton

Distinguishing morphological features of Order

  • Eyes are large occupying most of the head.
  • Abdomen is long and slender.
  • Antennae is very short and bristle like.
  • Tarsi is segmented 3 times.

Classification

EXOSKELETON
Sub-order
Odonata 
Family
Libellulidae
Genus
unknown


Kingdom Animalia (Animals)

  Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
     Class Insecta (Insects)
        Order Odonata (Dragonflies and Damselflies)


(1)

Geographical Distribution

Found nearly worldwide.

Life cycle

The Egg Stage

Eggs are layer on a plant in the water, or if she can’t find a suitable plant she will just drop them into the water.

The Nymph Stage

Once the eggs hatch, the life cycle of a larva begins as a nymph that can take up to four years to complete and if the nymph cycle is completed in the beginning of the wintertime, it will remain in the water until spring when it is warm enough to come out. (2) The Adult Dragonfly Stage

Once the nymph is fully grown it will complete the metamorphosis into a adult by crawling out of the water up the stem of a plant. The nymph will shed its skin onto the stem of the plant and will then be a young dragonfly.

Once the adult leaves the exuvia it is full grown. Adults only live about two months (2)

Sexual dimorphism

A male and a female will mate while they are flying in the air.

What it Eats

Larval/nymphal stage
Larvae, which live in water, will eat almost any living thing that is smaller than them. Large larvae sometimes eat small fish or fry in the water, but usually they only eat bloodworms or other aquatic insect larvae.

Adult stage
Feeds on other flying insects such as mosquitoes. They may also catch and eat honey bees -- then they are regarded as pests by the beekeepers. (2)

Habitat

Waters that are calm.

Larval/nymphal stage
Nymphs live in the water while they grow and develop into dragonflies.

  • ponds
  • marshy areas
  • calmer backwaters of rivers

Adult stage

  • terrestrial surface encountered from hatching, e.g. stems of higher aquatic plants or even a tree trunk.
  • Eventually the adults will fly back to an aquatic habitat. The adult male will then usually patrol a stretch of pond or stream looking for a female.

Economic/agricultural/human health importance and Ecological Importance

Larval/nymphal stage/Adult stage

Since they are low on the food chain from other predators, the Odonata populations are used to help determine the health of the aquatic ecosystems. Changes in the health of these systems can be more quickly identified by animals that are lower on the food chain than larger mammals changes in populations. United States' national parks are considering population counts of Odonata species when devising new management techniques. (3)

PCR product= GEL

Gel Lane 11 was loaded with 5ul of DNA. This was done because when a previous 2ul of DNA was added nothing was shown Labeled Gel BS12.jpg


E = Empty Well
+ = Positive Control
- = Negative Control
L = Ladder
11 = BP 11

Sequence data

  • forward
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNTNNNNNNNCNNNNNNNNTANAN NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNANNTNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNANNNNTNNNNNNNNNNNNNNGN NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNTTTNTNTTNNNNNNN
  • reverse
NNNNN

References


1. Order Odonata - Dragonflies and Damselflies. (2004, February 16). Retrieved November 28, 2012, from BugGuide: http://bugguide.net/node/view/77
2. The Dragonfly Life Cycle. (n.d.). Retrieved November 28, 2012, from Dragonfly Site: http://www.dragonfly-site.com/dragonfly-life-cycle.html
3. Odonata (dragonflies and damselflies). (2007). Retrieved November 28, 2012, from Water Action Volunteers: http://watermonitoring.uwex.edu/wav/monitoring/coordinator/ecology/odonata.html

Hemiptera_2012 | The_DNA_Barcoding_Project#Fall_2012_specimens_collected_at_Beaver_Pond_BIOL4300

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