Bignoniaceae

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Contents

Latin Name:

Bignonia capreolata


Common Name(s):

Crossvine, trumpet flower


Plant Family:

Bignoniaceae

Plant Description (Height/Habit/General Characteristics):

It could reach between 30-50 feet in height. Found in rich forests and along roadsides. Native to central and southern United States. It is woody and semi- evergreen vine. Opposite compound leaves with branched tendrils.

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04/11/2017

Leaf Description:

Pinnately compound, opposite, two basal leaflets that are heart shaped in the end. Contain tendrils as the third leaf. The leafs are about 4- 6 inches long, and 2 inches wide. Dark green in the summer and reddish-purple in the winter.

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04/11/2017

Flower Description and time of bloom:

Bell-shaped with red on the inside and yellow on the outside. They have 5 irregular lobes with 5 cm in height. Bloom around late March, April, and May.

Crossvine Flower.png

https://www.wildflower.org/plants/result.php?id_plant=bica

Seed/Fruit Description and time of fruiting:

It produces a multi-seeded flat capsule fruit. The fruit starts to grow late in the summer.

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http://www.carolinanature.com/trees/bica.html

Bark or Stem Description:

Red/ green in color, tube- like stems.

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04/11/2017

Other Information:

Native Americans used cross vine for various health conditions; headaches,purification of blood, rheumatism, and edema.


Distinguishing Characteristics:

Contain tendrils in order to climb trees. Buds are reddish purple and have bell-shaped red/orange flowers that bloom. Glossy semi-evergreen leaves.


Collection Location on GGC’s Campus:

Behind the baseball field, behind the B building.

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04/11/2017

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04/11/2017

Habitat:

Grow in forest, swamps, and around fences/roadsides. Grow on trees or around trees.


Historic Range:

Native to the United States in the northeastern, north central, south central, and southeastern regions. It is found from southern Ontario, south to Florida, west to Texas and Illinois.


Range Map:

Range Map.png

Cultural Information:

Showy blooms attract hummingbirds for nectar. Cross vine grows in shades areas, but grows better in sunny areas.

This page was created by: Natalie Ozuna


References

https://plants.usda.gov/plantguide/pdf/pg_bica.pdf https://www.wildflower.org/gallery/result.php?id_image=11853 https://gnps.org/plants/crossvine-bignonia-capreolata/

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