Downstream Joanna Quach Spring 2016

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Contents

Species 1

1. Arthropod order: Diptera

2. Morphospecies #: Diptera #1

3. Location: Downstream- Latitude 33°58' 41.90°N Longitude 84°1'9.13°W

4. Date of collection: February 6, 2016

5. H’ value for location: .8836

6. A sample photo of the morphospecies

JQDiptera1.jpg

7. Distinguishing features of the order: Only the front wings are developed and the hind wings reduced to knob-like halteres. The eyes are usually large. The Tarsi nearly always 5 segmented.

8. Ecological importance of organisms in this order: Some Diptera are pests of agricultural plants, others transmit diseases to humans and domestic animals. On the other hand, many flies are beneficial, particularly those that pollinate flowering plants, assist in the decomposition of organic matter, or serve as biocontrol agents of insect pests.

9. Economic/agricultural/health importance of organisms in this order.: Many species of the order Diptera spread diseases to humans such as malaria, yellow fever, West Nile disease, etc.

Species 2

1. Arthropod order: Diptera

2. Morphospecies #: Diptera #1

3. Location: Downstream- Latitude 33°58' 41.90°N Longitude 84°1'9.13°W

4. Date of collection: February 6, 2016

5. H’ value for location: .8836

6. A sample photo of the morphospecies

JQDiptera2.jpg

7. Distinguishing features of the order: Only the front wings are developed and the hind wings reduced to knob-like halteres. The eyes are usually large. The Tarsi nearly always 5 segmented.

8. Ecological importance of organisms in this order: Some Diptera are pests of agricultural plants, others transmit diseases to humans and domestic animals. On the other hand, many flies are beneficial, particularly those that pollinate flowering plants, assist in the decomposition of organic matter, or serve as biocontrol agents of insect pests.

9. Economic/agricultural/health importance of organisms in this order.: Many species of the order Diptera spread diseases to humans such as malaria, yellow fever, West Nile disease, etc.

Species 3

1. Arthropod order: Diptera

2. Morphospecies #: Diptera #1

3. Location: Downstream- Latitude 33°58' 41.90°N Longitude 84°1'9.13°W

4. Date of collection: February 6, 2016

5. H’ value for location: .8836

6. A sample photo of the morphospecies

JQDiptera3.jpg


7. Distinguishing features of the order: Only the front wings are developed and the hind wings reduced to knob-like halteres. The eyes are usually large. The Tarsi nearly always 5 segmented.

8. Ecological importance of organisms in this order: Some Diptera are pests of agricultural plants, others transmit diseases to humans and domestic animals. On the other hand, many flies are beneficial, particularly those that pollinate flowering plants, assist in the decomposition of organic matter, or serve as biocontrol agents of insect pests.

9. Economic/agricultural/health importance of organisms in this order.: Many species of the order Diptera spread diseases to humans such as malaria, yellow fever, West Nile disease, etc.

Species 4

1. Arthropod order: Diptera

2. Morphospecies #: Diptera #1

3. Location: Downstream- Latitude 33°58' 41.90°N Longitude 84°1'9.13°W

4. Date of collection: February 6, 2016

5. H’ value for location: .8836

6. A sample photo of the morphospecies

JQDiptera4.jpg

7. Distinguishing features of the order: Only the front wings are developed and the hind wings reduced to knob-like halteres. The eyes are usually large. The Tarsi nearly always 5 segmented.

8. Ecological importance of organisms in this order: Some Diptera are pests of agricultural plants, others transmit diseases to humans and domestic animals. On the other hand, many flies are beneficial, particularly those that pollinate flowering plants, assist in the decomposition of organic matter, or serve as biocontrol agents of insect pests.

9. Economic/agricultural/health importance of organisms in this order.: Many species of the order Diptera spread diseases to humans such as malaria, yellow fever, West Nile disease, etc.

Species 5

1. Arthropod order: Collembola

2. Morphospecies #: #1 Brown Collembola

3. Location: Downstream- Latitude 33°58' 41.90°N Longitude 84°1'9.13°W

4. Date of collection: February 6, 2016

5. H’ value for location: .8836

6. A sample photo of the morphospecies

JQCollembola1.jpg

7. Distinguishing features of the order: The body is elongated or oval and no wings are present. The abdomen has 6 or fewer segments, with a tube-like structure on the center of the first abdominal sternum and usually with a forked structure on 4th or 5th abdominal sterna. The antennae are usually short with 4-6 segments.

8. Ecological importance of organisms in this order: Springtails are part of the community of decomposers that break down and recycle organic wastes. A few species feed on living plants and are occasionally regarded as pests

9. Economic/agricultural/health importance of organisms in this order.: Important for developing and maintaining soil, and some are considered pests.

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