FA17-ITEC1001-22

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Contents

Course Information

  • Course Title: Introduction to Computing
  • Meeting Time: 2:00 pm to 3:45 pm MW
  • Classroom: C-1135
  • Textbook: File: Connect Master - Investigating Technology by Tedmon/Wilhelm, 1st edition
  • Instructor: Dr. Kopinski Sean

Course Materials

Milestones in Computing

Jan 1, 1939 First Electronic Computer John Atanasoff invents the first "official" electronic computer. Importance: It is the first major milestone in computer history. It is the true beginning of the digital age.

Jan 1, 1951 First General Purpose Computer Eckert and Mauchly designed the first computer geared toward business use. Importance: Is signaled the movement of computers from just research institutions and large corporations to smaller institutes.

Jan 1, 1957 First Successful "hight-programming" Language Created An IBM team designed the first programming language designed to solve engineering and science problems. Importance: Programmers and engineers are beginning to design programs that are capable of much larger tasks.

Jan 1, 1964 First Computer with Integrated Circuits IBM announces the first computer with integrated circuits. Importance: Computers are beginning to get smaller in size and moving toward the modern computer. It was also the first computer to cover a wide range of operations, small and large. Jan 1, 1970 The UNIX OS is Introduced

Jan 1, 1975 First Microcomputer, the ALTAIR is introduced The first microcomputer was created by a small company in Albuquerque NM. It ran on it intel 8080 processor. Importance: It is the first computer to have a microprocessor which is in most computers today. Aug 12, 1981 IBM Releases the 'IBM PC'

IBM Releases the 'IBM PC' IBM Releases the 'IBM PC', one of the first computer geared toward practical use other than engineering aspects of it. Importance: It signifies that computer companies are beginning to build their computers based on consumer needs and are being geared less toward the few "advanced" computer users.

Jan 1, 1984 Apple Introduces the Macintosh Computer Apple Introduces the Macintosh Computer This computer, released by Apple, is their first computer geared toward consumer use and was designed with a "user-friendly" operating system. Importance: It shows computer companies, including apple, are moving toward consumer use. Apple's GUI operating system was considered "user-friendly" because most OS's were hard to use.

Jan 1, 1989 Microsoft Releases Windows (specifically for IBM computers) Microsoft Releases windows to run on the 'IBM PC'. Importance: Microsoft Windows is currently the most used desktop operating system in use in the world today.

Jan 1, 1990 World Wide Web Introduced The “WWW” or World Wide Web was created when researchers at CERN developed HTML code. Almost all websites use this language today. Also was introduced was the “URL.” Importance: When this was created, it signified the beginning of the modern internet including HTML code, which almost all websites use today. https://www.timetoast.com/timelines/726795--Milan Monger 15:46, 20 September 2017 (EDT)

1820's

1822 Mathematician Charles Babbage conceived of the first idea for a computing machine. The project was a failure, but Babbage was the first to attempt to create an automatic computing machine and paved the way for the first functional computers to be made.[1]

Charlesbabbagemathematician.png

--Michael Watson

1940s

EINAC.jpeg Invention of the EINAC. This is the first officially recognized digital computer. EINAC was invented by J. Presper Eckert and John Mauchly at the University of Pennsylvania. EINAC consisted of 18,000 vacuum tubes, weighing almost 50 tons. [2]

--Ashton Melvin

1939

First Electronic Computer

John Atanasoff invents the first "official" electronic computer. Importance: It is the first major milestone in computer history. It is the true beginning of the digital age.

Electronic.jpg

  • Reference

[3] https://www.timetoast.com/timelines/major-milestone-in-computer-history

--Ha Nguyen Trinh 15:47, 20 September 2017 (EDT)Ha Nguyen Trinh


1942

ToporigABC Sharmin.jpg

The Atanasoff Berry Computer was built by professor Dr. John Vincent Atanasoff and his graduate student, Clifford Berry in Iowa State University from 1939-1942. Atanasoff was a Physics and mathematics professor in 1920s and 1930s. He sought to increase the speed and accuracy of scientific calculations through the development of an electronic digital computer. This effort resulted in the ABC.

Refrence [4] BY Sharmin Vadsariya

Reference

1950s

UNIVAC Invention.jpg The image here is an example of an UNIVAC.

  • Eckert and Mauchly build the first general-purpose commercial computer, the UNIVAC.
    • This is the world's first commercially produced electronic digital computer.
    • These giant computers, which used thousands of vacuum tubes for computation, were the forerunners of today’s digital computers.
    • This machine was dedicated by the US Census Bureau on June 14, 1951.

Refrences:

Made By: Steffie Shine

1958

JKilbyComputerChip143.gif Jack Kilby and Robert Noyce unveiled the integrated circuit that revolutionized the computer industry. It was a 7/16-by-1/16-inche transistor and other components placed on a slice of germanium. This was the forst computer chip. Their first customer was the United States Air Force. [6]

Sara Morrison

1960s

Itecmouse2017.jpg

The First Computer Game

1962

Imgres-3.jpeg

The first computer game was "Spacewar" Computer Game which was invented by Steve Russell and MIT. Spacewar was originally ran on a PDP-1 computer which was the size of a large car.

  • References
    • “A History of the Computer Game.” Jesper Juul, www.jesperjuul.net/thesis/2-historyofthecomputergame.html.
    • “Milestones In Computer Technology Timeline.” Timetoast, www.timetoast.com/timelines/milestones-in-computer-technology.

Signed by: Amabel Rodriguez

1975

The First MicroComputer

File:Mircojones.jpg

  • Created by Ed Robert and hos company
  • Developed to be used by individuals

--Kemyatta Jones

Introduction the Computer Mouse

The computer mouse is a hand control device that detects two-dimensional motion to a surface. The computer mouse makes its public debut in 1964 during a demonstration at a computer conference in San Francisco. Douglas Engelbart is the inventor and he studied at the Stanford Research Institute. The mouse is a huge change to computer technology being able to easily connect to your computer and have smooth control.

1969: HP 2100

In November 1966, Hewlett-Packard introduced the 2116A[2][3] minicomputer, one of the first commercial 16-bit computers. HP1000.jpg

Reference

HP 2100. (n.d.). Retrieved September 20, 2017, from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HP_2100 (Chelsea Bensley)

--Sandy Phan 15:13, 20 September 2017 (EDT)Sandy Phan

First Supercomputer

The CDC 6600 is generally recognized to be the first supercomputer. The CDC 6600 was made in 1964. An engineer by the name of Seymour Cray in the early 1960's set his sights on making the fastest computer the world had seen. The release of the CDC 6600 surpassed expectations of the whole world. The supercomputer was ten times faster than most computers and three times faster than the previous fastest computer. The CDC 6600 used germanium transistors rather than silicon, and also was cooled using Freon.The supercomputer ran at a speed of 40 MHz, which set the bar for computers for the next five years.[7]



CDC6600(2).jpg


--Andrew Beaton 13:08, 20 September 2017 (EDT)

References

ThoughtCo.,History of Supercomputers, September 30, 2017


200px

1980s

1st IBM Personal Computer

  • The first IBM personal computer was introduced on Aug. 12, 1981 using the MS-DOS operating system. It had many unique feature including: an Intel chip, two floppy disks and an optional color monitor. Its code name was Acorn, and it was the first time a computer was available through outside distributors (Sears & Roebuck and Computerland). It also popularized the term PC.
  • References [8]

--Shafa Mithani 15:16, 20 September 2017 (EDT)

1st IBM Personal Computer


First Macintosh Computer

mac128k.jpg

The Macintosh 128K was the first computer Macintosh ever made. It was released January 24, 1984 and was pretty expensive to consumers. It had a 256×256 black and white pixel screen with 64 kilobytes of RAM and, a 8-bit mircroprocessor.

References: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Macintosh , https://d3nevzfk7ii3be.cloudfront.net/igi/GtJsssF5C32GYZU5.standard

--Jacob Lichtenwalner 15:01, 20 September 2017 (EDT)Jacob Lichtenwalner

1982

  • TIME Magazine replaces Man of the Year with Machine of the year, naming the computer its Machine of the Year.

Machineoftheyear.jpg

References

[9] --Daniel McIlwain 15:02, 20 September 2017 (EDT)Daniel McIlwain

1983

The Apple Lisa was one of the first person computers to offer a graphical user interface In a machine aimed at individual business users. It was released on January 19, 1983 and discontinued in August 1986. "It was an important milestone in computing as soon as Microsoft Windows and the Apple Macintosh would soon adopt the GUI as their interface, making it the new paradigm for personal computing." --Jennifer Nguyen 15:28, 20 September 2017 (EDT)

  1. Reference
Apple Lisa


1985

Microsoft Introduces Windows

In 1985, Microsoft wanted to developed a graphical user interface (GUI) instead of the DOS that most computers used at the time and developed Windows 1.0 for IBM computers. While it initially was not that successful, today it is the most used desktop operating system.

Imagewindows.jpg

References

--Kenneth Vu 15:25, 20 September 2017 (EDT)Kenneth Vu

1988

  • NeXt is the first PC that had an optical storage disk, built-in signal that had voice recognition, and languages that helped simplify programming on January 19,1988.NeXt.jpg

References

*https://www.timetoast.com/timelines/milestone-in-the-computer-history

--Katelyn Cha 15:23, 20 September 2017 (EDT)Katelyn Cha

1990s

References

ThoughtCo.,History of Supercomputers, September 30, 2017

200px

Introduction of Google

Google-search-564x319.jpg The creation of the Google search engine made internet browsing easier to comply with and led on to affect other projects by the same company.

  • Founded in 1998 by Sergey Brin and Larry Page.
  • Google went on to influence Google Earth, Google Books, and Gmail.
  • Has become the world's major search engine, handling over 70 % of the world's online searches.

References

  1. https://www.britannica.com/topic/Google-Inc

--Christian Claros 15:21, 20 September 2017 (EDT)Christian Claros

2000s

The First iPhone

The first generation iPhone changed the cell phone industry for the greater good. Even today, it's one of the most popular phones out to date. It brought most of the features that a computer does regularly a cellular touchscreen device. It is Apple's first cellphone and a huge accomplishment for Steve Job's career. It was announced on January 9, 2007 and released on June 29, 2007 in the United States.

Aip.jpg

References:[10]

Hood, Jurian

Mac OS X is released

Mac OS X was released in 2001 and was better than the original that operated like a Unix system. It was a more reliable and stable system and the first to support 64-bit processors. it was used up until the end of 2011 on all Macs. it enabled people to operate at an optimal level and also use it for multiple reasons. all in all it was a friendlier interface. File:Mac OX S.jpg

Reference

[11]

2010s

10460569.jpg

In 2012, Palmer Luckey created the Oculus Rift, a virtual reality headset. It revolutionized the area of Virtual Reality, where previous pieces of technology were headache- inducing or not powerful enough to provide immersive enough experiences. With the Oculus Rift, it provided a public view into the technology which was reaching a better level to support virtual reality. Because of the Oculus Rift, more companies like HTC and Sony have developed market technology for virtual reality (The HTC Vive and PS4 VR respectively).

McDaniel, Christian

References

http://www.smithsonianmag.com/innovation/how-palmer-luckey-created-oculus-rift-180953049/

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