FA17-ITEC1001-55

From GGCWiki
Jump to: navigation, search

MHGeneric.jpg

Contents

Course Information

  • Course Title: Introduction to Computing
  • Meeting Time: 4:00 pm to 5:45 pm MW
  • Classroom: A-1930
  • Textbook: File: Connect Master - Investigating Technology by Tedmon/Wilhelm, 1st edition
  • Instructor: Dr. Kopinski Sean

Course Materials

Milestones in Computing

1950s

  • 1951 Eckert and Mauchly build the first general-purpose commercial computer, the UNIVAC.
  • 1955 The first transistor computer was made in 1955 and consisted of discrete transistors instead of vacuum tubes. The first generation computers used vacuum tubes which produces a lot of heat, were bulky, and unreliable. The transistor computer or the second generation computers used featured boards filled with individual transistors and magnetic memory cores. Reference: [1] (Elizabeth Perez)

Eperez4.jpg

  • 1957 An IBM team, led by John Backus, designs the first successful high-level programming language, FORTRAN, for solving engineering and science problems.
  • 1958 The first computer to use the transistor as a switching device, the IBM 7090, is introduced.

Refrence : computer history timeline

  • 1951 Britains Ferranti Mark I got the title of the first all puropse general computer.
  • 1954 IBM made 650 magnetic drum calcualtor. It spun at 12,500 rpm and that made it possible to access stored information faster than other drum based machines.

Reference: [2] [3]--Abigail Cohane 17:01, 20 September 2017 (EDT)Abigail Cohane

1957

  • DEC produce the PDP-1.
  • PDP-1 had half the performance of the IBM 7090 which made it the fastest computer of at that time.
  • It cost $120,000
  • Lead to manufactoring of minicomputers.

Pdp1console-lightpen.jpg [4] --Sackor Mohamed

1960s

  • Quicksort algorithm was developed by Tony Hoare which later became an algorithm that is one of the most used sorting methods in the world. By: Zaynab Ahmadi

Quicksort.jpg



  • UNIMATE was developed in 1961. It was a industralized robot that was first worked in General Motors. It listened to programmed step-by-step commands. By: Mariana Zambrano
Timeline ai.robotics 1961.unimate.jpg





Floppy Disks

Was invented at IBM by Alan Shugart in 1967. The first used an 8-inch disk which later evolved into the 5.25-inch disk that was used on the first IBM Personal Computer. It held 360 kilobytes. Was dubbed "floppy" because the packaging was a very flexible plastic envelope. Floppydisk.jpg

Reference

“How Floppy Disk Drives Work.” History of the Floppy Disk Drive - How Floppy Disk Drives Work | HowStuffWorks, 26 Feb. 2001, computer.howstuffworks.com/floppy-disk-drive1.htm. Accessed 20 Sept. 2017

--Alexis Thomas 17:03, 20 September 2017 (EDT)

1970s

Timeline memorystorage 1971.intel1103.jpg

  • 1971- Introduction of 1 KB Intel 1103 memory chip. This begins the process of dynamic random access memory and starts end of magnetic core memory. Because of its small size and its low price compared to magnetic-core memory, this memory the latter in many applications. --Jordan Zaibel Farris

Reference: 1971 | Timeline of Computer History.” Computer History Museum, www.computerhistory.org/timeline/1971/#169ebbe2ad45559efbc6eb35720a2e7b. Accessed 20 Sept. 2017.


  • 1973- April 3rd the cell phone was born. John F. Mitchell and Dr. Cooper debut the Dynatac mobile phone in NYC. This kicks off the beginning of the cellular telephone.
MitchellMoto.jpg

Reference: JFM Apercu. (2009, June 17). Retrieved September 20, 2017, from http://www.brophy.net/PivotX/?p=john-francis-mitchell-biography#CELLPHONEINVENTOR

- --Quentin Lockey 17:41, 20 September 2017 (EDT)


  • 1976 Steve Wozniak and Steve Jobs developed the Apple computer, the first to have a window displaying graphics that could be navigated through using a mouse. This would later change evolve into the Macintosh--Brian O'Reilly 16:57, 20 September 2017 (EDT)Brian O'Reilly

Reference : [5]

1980s

IBM introduces the IBM PC.

IBM.jpg

In 1981 IBM introduced there first pc IBM stands for internation buisness machines 

in 1981 IBM successfully built the first prototype computer employing IBM Fellow John Cocke's RISC architecture. RISC simplified the instructions given to computers, making them faster and more powerful. Today, RISC architecture is the basis of most workstations and widely viewed as the dominant computing architecture The IBM Personal Computer went to the mass market and helped revolutionize the way the world does business.

IBM computer  --Bria Mitchell 17:19, 20 September 2017 (EDT)Bria Mitchell


1986

The first Apple computer known as the "mac" was created in 1986. This was the first computer to have a input device known as a mouse.

By Rachel Oglesby

Helloitsmeiwaswondering6267.jpg

1990s

  • 1990: December 20th- The world's first website and server go live at CERN.

Info.web .jpg

  • The first website[6] to go live was created by a british scientist named Berners-Lee. The website sources information on the World Wide Web (WWW) Project. Visitors could learn more about hypertext, technical details for creating their own webpage, and even an explanation on how to search the Web for information. There are no screenshots of this original page and, in any case, changes were made daily to the information available on the page as the WWW project developed. Visitors could learn more about hypertext, technical details for creating their own webpage, and even an explanation on how to search the Web for information. There are no screenshots of this original page and, in any case, changes were made daily to the information available on the page as the WWW project developed.


References:

CERN Accelerating science. (n.d.). Retrieved September 20, 2017, from [[7]]

The birth of the World Wide Web. (n.d.). Retrieved September 20, 2017, from https://timeline.web.cern.ch/timelines/The-birth-of-the-World-Wide-Web/overlay#1990-12-20 00:00:00 [00:00:00]

Lopez, Jailyn [[8]]

2000s

  • November 2000

Japan's SoftBank introduces the first camera phone, the J-Phone J-SH04; a Sharp-manufactured digital phone with integrated camera. The camera had a maximum resolution of 0.11 megapixels a 256-color display, and photos could be shared wirelessly. The J-Phone line would quickly expand, releasing a flip-phone version just a month later. Cameras would become a significant part of most phones within a year, and several countries have even passed laws regulating their use.

Timeline computers 2000.Sharp Jphone.jpg http://www.computerhistory.org/timeline/computers/#169ebbe2ad45559efbc6eb35720c644b --Charania Fayyaz

Apple released the Iphone 4 with improvements in camera quality as well as the IOS.

2010s

Article-1246584-080C45E8000005DC-131 468x286.jpg

  • Apple unveils the iPad, changing the way consumers view media and jumpstarting the dormant tablet computer segment.
  • The iPhone 4 is revealed to the public

George Mendoza- Iphonex.jpg The iPhone X is using a feature called Face ID.

Student Wiki Page

Personal tools