FA18-ITEC1001-40

From GGCWiki
Jump to: navigation, search

MHGeneric.jpg

Contents

Course Information

  • Course Title: Introduction to Computing
  • Meeting Time: 2:00 pm to 5:45 pm F
  • Classroom: A-1930
  • Textbook: File: Connect Master - Investigating Technology by Tedmon/Wilhelm, 1st edition
  • Instructor: Dr. Kopinski Sean

Course Materials

Milestones in Computing

1940s

Mark 1

The mark 1, also called IBM Automatic Sequence Controlled Calculator (ASCC), was a gereneral purpose electromechanical computer. The concept was brought up in 1937 and later founded in 1939. This machine was used in the war effort towards the end of world war ll. Mark 1 computed and printed mathematical tables. The main goal was to assist the Manhatttan project, development of the first nuclear weapons. Speculation says, the real reason it is famous, that the mark 1's mathmatical tables and computing was used to decode german messages that they intercepted. Many say that the Mark 1 was the winning factor to the war. Whether this is true or not, only the government knows for sure.

300px-Manchester Mark2.jpg



Research references: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harvard_Mark_I

Signature of editor: Tonini, William

1950s

Grace Hopper completes A-o Grace Hopper was a mathematician who completed an A-o. This was pretty much a program that allowed someone who was using a computer to give the computer instructions, but instead of being in numbers. the computer user would use English-like words. This computer possessed many modern-day compiler qualities. It was also written for the UNIVAC I computer, which was the first commercial business computer system in the United States.


Grace Hopper and UNIVAC.jpg

Research references: http://www.computerhistory.org/timeline/1952/

Signature of editor: Vega-Mojica, Adriana

1960s

  • In 1962, the "Compatible Time-Sharing System" was founded. It was a major milestone for computing because computer systems had always worked on one process at a time, but the invention made it able to work on two processes at the same time. It could be run as a "background" user and allowed better transitions, as well.

CTSS.jpg

1964: CDC 6600 Supercomputer Introduced

The Control Data Corporation 6600 can perform up to 3 million instructions per second. It was 3 times faster than its closest competitor, the IBM 7030 Supercomputer. Its speed came from its design which consisted of 10 peripheral processing units which would take the workload off of the central processor.It was the fastest computer in the world until it was passed by its successor, The CDC 7600. [1] Treadwell, Charles

6600.jpg

1970s

Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak decided to work together on a personal computer. In 1975, they began working on the Apple I computer — essentially a circuit board — in Jobs’ bedroom. For instance, in June of 1775, Wozniak typed a character on a keyboard and it appeared on a TV screen; they believed this was the first time it happened. They continued to show their work and designs at the Homebrew Computer Club. During the design process Jobs made suggestions that would help the final product become better, such as the use of the newer dynamic random access memory (RAM) chips instead of older, more expensive and static versions. By 1976, they had a small, easy-to-use computer, which was smaller than a portable typewriter. This was the first single-board, microprocessor-based microcomputer. It included a central processing unit (CPU), RAM, and basic textual-video chips.


Apple 1.jpg

Research references: http://www.pophistorydig.com/topics/tag/computer-history-1970s/

Signature of editor: Al-asadi, Ayat

1980s

== The first IBM personal computer is introduced. Its code name was "Acorn". It used microsoft's MS-DOS operating system. It has an intel chip, two floppy disks and also has an optional color monitor. The stores that sold the computers were Sears & Roebuck and Computerland. This made it the first time a computer is available through outside distributors. It even made the term PC popular.

IBM.jpg

1990s

The Development of HTML

In 1990, Tim Berners-Lee developed HyperText Markup Language(HTML) which is used to create web pages on the World Wide Web. HTML helps make sure the information is displayed on the web page the way you want it to look or how it is supposed to look. HTML is basically a blueprint or guide for the browser in the setup of a web page. Every HTML tag includes an opening tag, enclosed tag content, and a closing tag. The first official version of HTML was released in 1993, making it incredibly easy to design, construct, modify, and view web pages.

Html tag.png

References:

Signature of Editor: Folsome, Kameron

2000s

On June 9, 2007 the technology world changed forever. Steve Jobs just released the first Apple iPhone. The iPhone brought computer like functions to smartphones, and the iPhone put internet in your pocket for the first time.The iPhone was the fastest growing obsession, and Apple started to become the most valuable company.

Stevejobswithiphone.jpg

References:

Signature of Editor: Berger, Blaine

2010s

In 2010 the Introduction of the iPhone 4 with retina display was invented.The iPhone 4 was the follow-up to the iPhone 3 GS. This was an upgrade from the iPhone 3s in terms of features.The iPhone 4 introduced users to Face Time ( which is still a big thing iPhone users use today.) It also boasted an upgraded 5 megapixel camera with LED flash, VGA-quality front-facing camera, and significant Retina display screen resolution upgrade with 4x the number of pixels as its predecessor. And as far as appearance, it stuck with the 3.5-inch form factor of previous devices, but was re imagined in a flatter, Braun-inspired design that was 24 percent thinner than its predecessor.It was a great continuation to the career of Steve Jobs.

Research Reference: https://www.cultofmac.com/556931/tiah-iphone-4-on-sale/

Signature of editor: Ferkah, Blessing

41fmDqm8C4L.jpg



October 2010 - Located in the National Supercomputing Center in Tianjin, researchers starts up the new world record holder for fastest supercomputer - Tianhe-1A

From October 2010 to June 2011, the Tianhe-1A Supercomputer took the spot as the world's fastest supercomputer; able to clock in at 2.507 PetaFLOPS (2,507,000,000,000,000 or 2.5 quadrillion operations per second). The supercomputer consisted of "7,168 NVIDIA Tesla M2050 GPUs, 14,336 CPUs, and 262 Terabytes of distributed memory"[2] and consumed upwards to 4.04 megawatts of electricity an hour which is around half of what an average family household of 4 would use in an equivalent time. The main purpose of the supercomputer was to be an open-access (accessible to international clients) to be used for petroleum exploration as well as aircraft design and simulation.

Tianhe1ASuperComp.jpg

References:

  1. https://www.datacenterknowledge.com/archives/2010/10/29/chinas-tianhe-1a-achieves-2-507-petaflops
  2. https://www.eia.gov/tools/faqs/faq.php?id=97&t=3

Signature of Editor: Tran, Daniel

Student Wiki Page

Personal tools