Fagus grandifolia 2016

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Latin Name

Fagus grandifolia

Common Name(s)

Common name is called Beech Tree

Plant Family


Plant Description (Height/Habit/General Characteristics)

This deciduous tree grows at a straight height at approximately 80-100 feet tall. This tree display large muscular roots that support the large trunk. The bark displays a strikingly beautiful design, that would not fade away after several centuries, it does not have the traditional brown color that most other trees have the bark displays colors such as silver, light grey, blue. The shape of the leaves demonstrate an oval and serrated edged that appear as tiny sharp teeth, the color that is produced from the leaves varies by seasons. For the spring and summer the leaves are dark green, However in the fall they produce a brown,red and yellow. The flowers are perfect and very unique on how they blossom. the fruit displays triangular shape that hang in groups of two and three, they have edible fruits called beech nuts.


Leaf Description

The leaves are alternate and have an elliptical shape with straight parallel veins, and they are short stock as well. The size of the leaves are 2 1/2 to 6 inches long and 2 1/2 inches wide. They have slow decomposing features, therefore are found in thick soil beneath the tree. The color have a dull green above and lighter green below, then display a yellow to brown color in the fall.

Leaf photo

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Flower Description

The male flowers are yellow and small and cluster into a sphere like structure. Comparative to the males the female flowers have reddish bordering scales and is smaller in size, and located towards the end of new twigs. which characterize them as known as monoecious flowers.


source : http://www.riverofflowers.org/wild-city-blog/trees-feed-bees

Seed Description

Encased in a woody husk that is covered in spines. These seeds are only produced when beech tree achieved the age of 40. They also have a cyclic production.


source : http://www.rgbstock.com/bigphoto/n6hMg2m/Seed+shapes

Bark/Stem Description

The bark doesn't naturally split nor flake. The bark have a relative slow growth process. Due to its thin bark it is susceptible to damage such as wild fires and frost.


Other Information

Since the nuts are produce in a numerous amount it helps multiple types of mammals and birds for it nutrients, even though its is produce every two to three years. Grows in mainly shaded area of the forest it is being recognize as the most shaded tolerant species. In the past Beech tree can be used oil and for fueling lamps.

Distinguishing Characteristics:

Has a shallow and wide root system due to its cultivation the root soil should be avoided at all cost. Due it smooth barks it used its curving and carving of names and initials. Not commonly found in urban area because of the amount of carbon dioxide takes away the natural appearance of this tree.

Collection Location on GGC’s Campus

This was located behind the B building, next to the baseball field, across Lonnie Harvel Blvd, right before the yellow river; On the trail in the forest.


Areas that are deep moist well drained soil.

Historic Range

Found in commonly in the eastern United States.

Range Map


source: http://wildfoodshomegarden.com/Beech.html

Cultural Information

This tree can be used for furniture, dye, and charcoal bedding. It is also a primary source for creosote which is used for multiple medical purposes. An active ingredient in the beech creosote guaiacol which was ingested for an antiseptic for a variety of respiratory problems, and for swollen and blisters.

This page was created by:

Roxsell Sayles and Katherine Muro

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