Farzana Zerin: Hymenoptera 1

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Hymenoptera FZ.jpg

Species #: 2

Order: Hymenoptera

Family: Hymenopteran

Date of Collection: August, 2018

Location: Little Mulberry Park Downstream (34.04060,-83.876840)

Species Abundance: 28

Shannon- Weiner Biodiversity Index (H')= 3.157529533

Distinguishing Morphological Features:

- Contain four membranous wings.

- Wings are either Present or absent, but when present, they consist of two pairs;

- They have a narrow waist that sets off the abdomen from the thorax, or middle region of the body.

- They have mouth parts that are either of the biting kind or of the biting-sucking kind.

- They also have an ovipositor, also known as the egg-laying organ in the female, which is usually very long and can be modified for piercing, sawing, or stinging.

Ecological and Economic / Public Importance:

- They are the main source for honey and beeswax.

- The parasitic wood wasps attack the wood-boring beetles which is helpful for some crops;

- Some are valuable as they are the only pollinators of the Smyrna fig which is an important crop in the Western United States.

- Few of their species are serious economic pests.


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