Farzana Zerin: Hymenoptera 1
Species #: 2
Date of Collection: August, 2018
Location: Little Mulberry Park Downstream (34.04060,-83.876840)
Species Abundance: 28
Shannon- Weiner Biodiversity Index (H')= 3.157529533
Distinguishing Morphological Features:
- Contain four membranous wings.
- Wings are either Present or absent, but when present, they consist of two pairs;
- They have a narrow waist that sets off the abdomen from the thorax, or middle region of the body.
- They have mouth parts that are either of the biting kind or of the biting-sucking kind.
- They also have an ovipositor, also known as the egg-laying organ in the female, which is usually very long and can be modified for piercing, sawing, or stinging.
Ecological and Economic / Public Importance:
- They are the main source for honey and beeswax.
- The parasitic wood wasps attack the wood-boring beetles which is helpful for some crops;
- Some are valuable as they are the only pollinators of the Smyrna fig which is an important crop in the Western United States.
- Few of their species are serious economic pests.