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American Redstart

American redstart .jpg

Habitat: situated near water, and includes alder and willow thickets, thickets in treefall gaps within old-growth forest, fencerows, orchards, and mixed deciduous-coniferous woodlands.

Food: Insects, including leafhoppers, planthoppers, flies, moths and their larvae, wasps, and beetles.

Conservation: 47% decline between 1966 - 2014

American Robin

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Habitat: Lawns, fields, and city parks, as well as in more wild places like woodlands, forests, mountains up to near treeline, recently burned forests, and tundra.

Food:Large numbers of both invertebrates and fruit.

Conservation Stable or increasing throughout their range.

Brown Thrasher

Brown thrasher.jpg

Habitat: Thickets, hedgerows, forest edges, and overgrown clearings in deciduous forest.

Food: Mostly insects and other arthropods along with some fruits, seeds, and nuts.

Conservation: Between 1966 and 2015 populations declined by 41%.

Cedar Waxwing

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Habitat: Deciduous, coniferous, and mixed woodlands, particularly areas along streams.

Food: Fruits year-round. In summer, they feed on fruits such as serviceberry, strawberry, mulberry, dogwood, and raspberries.

Conservation: stable between 1966 and 2015.

Eastern Phoebe

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Habitat: Typically human-built structures such as eaves of buildings, overhanging decks, bridges, and culverts.

Food: Wasps, beetles, dragonflies, butterflies and moths, flies, midges, cicadas and spiders.

Conservation: Eastern Phoebe populations were stable overall between 1966 and 2015, with small declines in Canada, and small increases in the U.S.

Gray Catbird

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Habitat: Gray Catbirds live amid dense shrubs, vine tangles, and thickets of young trees in both summer and winter.

Food: Eat mainly ants, beetles, grasshoppers, midges, caterpillars, and moths.

Conservation: Stable from 1966 to 2014, though there has been declines in the southeastern U.S.

Mourning Dove

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Habitat: Open country, scattered trees, and woodland edges, but large numbers roost in woodlots during winter.

Food: Cultivated grains, peanuts, grasses, weeds, herbs, and berries.

Conservation common, but declined by 15% between 1966 and 2015.

Red Shouldered Hawk

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Habitat: Bottomland hardwood stands, flooded deciduous swamps, and upland mixed deciduous–conifer forests.

Food: Small mammals, lizards, snakes, and amphibians.

Conservation: Increased throughout most of their range between 1966 and 2015.

Tufted Titmouse

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Habitat: Deciduous woods or mixed evergreen-deciduous woods, typically in areas with a dense canopy and many tree species.

Food: Insects in the summer, including caterpillars, beetles, ants and wasps, stink bugs, and treehoppers, as well as spiders and snails.

Conservation: Populations increased between 1966 and 2015.

Yellow Warbler

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Habitat: Streams and wetlands.

Food: Insects that they pick from foliage or capture on short flights or while hovering to reach leaves.

Conservation: Slowly declining, and have decreased by 25% between 1966 and 2014.

Swainson's Thrush

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Habitat: Coniferous forest except in coastal California in woodlands, alder or willow thickets, and occasionally in coastal scrub.

Food: Insects and arthropods during the breeding season; they also eat fruits, particularly in fall and winter.

Conservation: Common species, but has been gradually declining across its range; experiencing a loss of about 38% between 1966 and 2014.

Black Vulture

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Habitat: They live year-round in forested and open areas of the eastern and southern United States south to South America.

Food Exclusively carrion, and carcasses.

Conservation: They are numerous and their populations increased between 1966 and 2014.

Brown Headed Nuthatch

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Habitat: Southeastern pine forests

Clutch size: 3-7 eggs

Food: Spiders and insects such as bark-dwelling cockroaches, beetle larvae, and egg cases during the warmer months.

Conservation: Populations declined by about 24% between 1966 and 2015.

Chipping Sparrow

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Habitat: Trees, grassy forests, woodlands and edges.

Clutch size: 2-7 eggs

Food: Eat seeds of a great variety of grasses and herbs.

Conservation: Declined by about 36% between 1966 and 2015.

Eastern Towhee

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Habitat: Forest edges, overgrown fields and woodlands, and scrubby backyards or thickets.

Clutch size: 2-6 eggs

Food: Seeds, fruits, insects, spiders, millipedes, centipedes, and snails, as well as soft leaf and flower buds in spring.

Conservation: Declined by about 49% between 1966 and 2015.

House Finch

House finch.jpg

Habitat: Buildings, lawns, small conifers, and urban centers.

Clutch size: 2-6 eggs

Food: Seeds, buds and fruits.

Conservation: Populations appear to have increased between 1966 and 2015.

Norther Cardinal

Norther cardinal.jpg

Habitat: Dense shrubby areas such as forest edges, overgrown fields, hedgerows, backyards, marshy thickets, mesquite, regrowing forest, and ornamental landscaping.

Clutch size: 2-5 eggs

Food: dogwood, wild grape, buckwheat, grasses, sedges, mulberry, hackberry, blackberry, sumac, tulip-tree, and corn

Conservation: populations slightly increased between 1966 and 2014.

Red Tailed Hawk

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Habitat: Desert, scrublands, grasslands, roadsides, fields and pastures, parks, broken woodland, and (in Mexico) tropical rainforest

Clutch size: 1-5 eggs

Food: Voles, mice, wood rats, rabbits, snowshoe hares, jackrabbits, ground squirrels, birds and snakes

Conservation: Populations increased throughout much of their range between 1966 and 2015.

TU Vuluture

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Habitat: Mixed farmland, forest, and rangeland.

Clutch size: 1-3 eggs

Food: Fresh dead animals, beard, amphibians, and invertebrates.

Conservation: Increased in number across North America from 1966 to 2014.

Western Palm Warbler

Western palm warbler.jpg

Habitat: Breed in bogs and areas with scattered evergreen trees and thick ground cover in the boreal forest. During migration they stop in weedy fields, forest edges, fence rows, and other areas with scattered trees and shrubs

Clutch size: 4-5 eggs

Food: Beetles, flies, and caterpillars but, they also eat seeds and berries such as bayberry, sea grape, and hawthorn when available.

Conservation: Stable but experienced decline between 1966 and 2015.

Canada Goose

Canada goose.jpg

Habitat: Near water, grassy fields, and grain fields

Clutch size: 2-8 eggs

Food: Grasses, sedges, cabbage leaves, eelgrass, berries, and seeds.

Conservation: Common and increased between 1966 and 2015

Common Grackle

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Habitat: Open woodland, forest edge, grassland, meadows, swamps, marshes, and palmetto hammocks.

Clutch size: 1-7 eggs

Food: Corn, rice, acorns, tree seeds, beetles, grasshoppers, and caterpillars.

Conservation: Abundant and widespread, though populations declined by almost 2% per year between 1966 and 2014.

European Starling

European starling.jpg

Habitat: Mowed lawns, agricultural fields, trees, and buildings.

Clutch size: 3-6 eggs

Food: Grasshoppers, beetles, flies, caterpillars, snails, earthworms, millipedes, spiders, holly berries, hackberries, mulberries, tupelo, Virginia creeper, sumac, and blackberries and seeds.

Conservation: Common and widespread but their populations decreased by about 52% between 1966 and 2015.

House Wren

House wren.jpg

Habitat: They have a huge geographic range, and they live in many habitats, so long as they feature trees, shrubs, and tangles interspersed with clearings.

Clutch size: 3-10 eggs

Food: Beetles, caterpillars, earwigs, flies, leafhoppers, and springtails.

Conservation: Populations have experienced some regional declines, but generally populations have been stable and slightly increased between 1966 and 2015.

Norther Flicker

Northern flicker.jpg

Habitat: Woodlands, forest edges, and open fields with scattered trees, as well as city parks and suburbs

Clutch size: 5-8 eggs

Food: Fruits, seeds, insects, ants and beetles.

Conservation: Widespread and common, but numbers decreased by almost 1.5% per year between 1966 and 2012,

Red Winged blackbird

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Habitat: Fresh or saltwater marshes, rice paddies, sedge meadows, alfalfa fields, and fallow fields.

Clutch size: 2-4 egss

Food: Insects, seeds, corn, and wheat.

Conservation: Although they are the most abundant native birds on the continent, Red-winged Blackbird populations declined by over 30% throughout most of their range between 1966 and 2014.

White Breasted Nuthatch

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Habitat: Woodlands edges, large trees, parks wooded suburbs, and yards.

Clutch size: 5-9 eggs

Food: Seeds, nuts, beetles, stinkbugs, and spiders.

Conservation: Common and widespread, and populations increased between 1966 and 2015.

American Crow

American crow.png

Habitat: Open place that offers a few trees to perch in and a reliable source of food.

Clutch size: 3-9 eggs

Food: Grains, seeds, nuts, fruits, berries, and many kinds of small animals such as earthworms and mice.

Conservation: Numerous and their populations were stable between 1966 and 2014.

Blue Gray Gnatcaher

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Habitat: Mixed woodland from chaparral to mature forests.

Clutch size: 3-5 eggs

Food: Treehoppers, froghoppers, leaf hoppers, plant bugs, tree bugs, leaf beetles, weevils, wolf spiders, caterpillars, and grasshoppers

Conservation: Numerous and their overall populations have been stable and slightly increased between 1966 and 2014

Downy Woodpecker

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Habitat: Open woodlands such as deciduous woods and along streams.

Clutch size: 3-8 eggs

Food: Beetles larvae, ants, caterpillars, corn earworm, bark beetles and apple borer.

Conservation: Numerous and their populations were stable between 1966 and 2015.

Fish Crow

Fish crow.jpg

Habitat: Beaches, marshes, estuaries, lakes, and rivers.

Clutch size: 2-6 eggs

Food: Carrion, trash, nestlings and eggs of other birds, berries, fruit, and grain, and any items they can steal from other birds

Conservation: Populations slightly increased between 1966 and 2015.



Habitat: Open areas such as sandbars, mudflats, and grazed fields.

Clutch size: 4-6 eggs

Food: Invertebrates, such as earthworms, snails, crayfish, grasshoppers, beetles, and aquatic insect larvae.

Conservation: Populations declined overall by about 47% between 1966 and 2014.

Norther Mockingbird

Northern mockingbird.jpg

Habitat: Areas with open ground and with shrubby vegetation like hedges, fruiting bushes, and thickets.

Clutch size:2-6 eggs

Food: They eat mainly insects in summer but switch to eating mostly fruit in fall and winter.

Conservation: Populations declined by about 21% percent from 1966 to 2015.

Ruby Crowned Kinglet

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Habitat: Spruce-fir forests.

Clutch size: 5-12 eggs

Food: Spiders, pseudoscorpions, and many types of insects, including aphids, wasps, ants, and bark beetles.

Conservation: Common and overall, despite regional increases and declines, their numbers were stable between 1966 and 2015.

White Eyed Vireo

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Habitat: Vergrown pastures, forested edges, streamside thickets, second-growth forests, and bramble-filled fields.

Clutch size: 3-5 eggs

Food: Eat caterpillars, flies, beetles, moths, butterflies, leafhoppers, lacewings, and spiders.

Conservation: Eat caterpillars, flies, beetles, moths, butterflies, leafhoppers, lacewings, and spiders

American Golffinch

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Habitat: Open woodlands, suburbs, parks, and backyards.

Clutch size:

Food: Seeds from composite plants, grasses, and tress such as alder, birch, western red cedar, and elm.

Conservation: Numerous, though populations experienced a small decline between 1966 and 2014.

Blue Jay

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Habitat: Forest, forest edge, and deep forest.

Clutch size: 2-7 eggs

Food: Insects, nuts, seeds, grains. and eggs from other nests.

Conservation: Populations decreased by about 28% between 1966 and 2015.

Carolina Wren

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Habitat: Brushy thickets, lowland cypress swamps, bottomland woods, and ravines choked with hemlock and rhododendron.

Clutch size: 3-7 eggs

Food: Caterpillars, moths, stick bugs, leafhoppers, beetles, grasshoppers, crickets, and cockroaches.

Conservation: Populations are increased between 1966 and 2015.

Eastern Bluebird

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Habitat: Agricultural fields, suburban parks, backyards, and golf courses.

Clutch size: 2-7 eggs

Food: caterpillars, beetles crickets, grasshoppers, and spiders.

Conservation: Populations increased between 1966 and 2015.

Golden Crowned Kinglet

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Habitat: Forests, wooded bogs, conifer plantations, hemlock groves, cottonwood-willow forests, and groves in parks and cemeteries.

Clutch size: 3-11 eggs

Food: Insects

Conservation: Numerous, although populations declined between 1966 and 2014



Habitat: Marshes, bogs, riverine floodplains, beaver ponds, lakes, reservoirs, ponds, city parks, farms, and estuaries.

Clutch size: 1-13 eggs

Food:Seeds and aquatic vegetation.

Conservation: Most widespread and abundant duck in North America and their populations have been slightly increasing from 1966 to 2014.

Red Breasted Woodpecker

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Habitat: Forests, woodlands, and wooded suburbs of the eastern United States

Clutch size: 2-6 eggs

Food: insects, spiders, anthropoids, acorns, nuts, and pine cones.

Conservation: Populations increased throughout most of their range from 1966 to 2014.

Song Sparrow

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Habitat: Tidal marshes, arctic grasslands, desert scrub, pinyon pine forests, aspen parklands, prairie shelterbelts, Pacific rain forest, chaparral, agricultural fields, overgrown pastures, freshwater marsh and lake edges, forest edges, and suburbs.

Clutch size: 1-6 eggs

Food: Weevils, leaf beetles, ground beetles, caterpillars, dragonflies, grasshoppers, midges, craneflies, spiders, snails, and earthworms. Plant foods include buckwheat, ragweed, clover, sunflower, wheat, rice, blackberries, blueberries, strawberries, raspberries, mulberries, and wild cherries

Conservation: Widespread and common across most of the continent, but populations declined by over 30% between 1966 and 2014.

White Throated Sparrow

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Habitat: Either coniferous or deciduous forests up to treeline, especially around openings with low, dense vegetation.

Clutch size: 1-6 eggs

Food: Seeds of grasses and weeds, fruits of sumac, grape, cranberry, mountain ash, rose, blueberry, blackberry, and dogwood.

Conservation: Abundant, but declined over most of their range by about 35% between 1966 and 2014.

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