GGC 1 Josiah Williams Spring 2016

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Contents

Shannon-Weiner Biodiversity Index Value for GGC 1

H'= 3.09058

Location of Collection

Location of collection for all GGC1 morphospecies:

Lat: 33°58′55.23″ N

Long: 84°00′22.84″ W

Georgia Gwinnett College's campus behind B building (GGC Site 1 or GGC1).

Date of collection:

February 2016

Morphospecies 1

Josiah 1.jpg

Order

Diptera

Distinguishing Features of Diptera

Wings: only front wings developed, hind wings reduced to knob-like halteres.

Eyes: usually large.

Tarsi: nearly always 5 segmented.

Mouthparts variable.

Ecological Importance of Organisms in Diptera

- Part of food web.

- Break down dead material and fecal matter.

Economic/Agricultural/Health Importance of Organisms in Diptera

- Larvae are found on corpses at well-defined time frames and, as a result, they are used by forensics to determine the time of death.

- Are bred and used to feed pets.

- Pollinators

- Decomposers of organic matter

- Disease Vectors

- Pests

Morphospecies 2

Josiah 7.jpg

Order

Collembola

Distinguishing Features of Collembola

Minute: less than or equal to 6 mm.

Body: elongate or oval.

Wings: absent.

Abdomen: 6 or fewer segments, with tube-like structure (collophore) on center of first abdominal sternum and usually with forked structure (furcula) on 4th or 5th abdominal sterna.

Antennae: usually short 4-6 segments.

Usually found in soil or leaf litter.

Ecological Importance of Organisms in Collembola

- Part of food web.

- Detritovores and microbivores

Economic/Agricultural/Health Importance of Organisms in Collembola

- Control pathogenic fungi populations

- Pests

- Spread Mycorrhizal fungi

Morphospecies 3

Josiah 8.jpg

Order

Collembola

Distinguishing Features of Collembola

Minute: less than or equal to 6 mm.

Body: elongate or oval.

Wings: absent.

Abdomen: 6 or fewer segments, with tube-like structure (collophore) on center of first abdominal sternum and usually with forked structure (furcula) on 4th or 5th abdominal sterna.

Antennae: usually short 4-6 segments.

Usually found in soil or leaf litter.

Ecological Importance of Organisms in Collembola

- Part of food web.

- Detritovores and microbivores

Economic/Agricultural/Health Importance of Organisms in Collembola

- Control pathogenic fungi populations

- Pests

- Spread Mycorrhizal fungi

Morphospecies 4

Josiah4.jpg

Order

Hymenoptera

Distinguishing Features of Hymenoptera

Body: often "wasp-like", often constricted between thorax and abdomen.

Wings: when present, 4 membranous, front wings little larger than hind wings, 1 or more small hooks on anterior margin of hind wings that are used to couple hind wings to front wings during flight, in small forms, venation very reduced.

Antennae: fairly long, usually greater than or equal to 10 segments.

Tarsi: 5 segmented (except in some minute forms).

Ovipositor: well developed, sometimes long, sometimes modified into a sting.

Mouthparts: chewing, always with well developed chewing mandibles, sometimes maxillae and labium elongated into a sucking "tongue".

Ecological Importance of Organisms in Hymenoptera

- Part of food web

- Interesting community dynamics

- Pollination of plants and seed dispersal assist the plant populations

Economic/Agricultural/Health Importance of Organisms in Hymenoptera

- Pollinators

- Parasites control phytophagous insects

- Stings can cause allergic reactions

- Pests in some cases

Morphospecies 5

Josiah5.jpg

Order

Diptera

Distinguishing Features of Diptera

Wings: only front wings developed, hind wings reduced to knob-like halteres.

Eyes: usually large.

Tarsi: nearly always 5 segmented.

Mouthparts variable.

Ecological Importance of Organisms in Diptera

- Part of food web.

- Break down dead material and fecal matter.

Economic/Agricultural/Health Importance of Organisms in Diptera

- Larvae are found on corpses at well-defined time frames and, as a result, they are used by forensics to determine the time of death.

- Are bred and used to feed pets.

- Pollinators

- Decomposers of organic matter

- Disease Vectors

- Pests

Collector

Josiah Williams

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