GGC Abdul Madamidola 3500K sec2 Fall 2016

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Site 2 information:

  • Location of collection:
   Lat: 38° 58'58.43N 
   Long: 84° 00'21.33W
  • H'=2.37385
  • Date of collection:
   September 2016


Order: Hemiptera

(originally thought to be in the order Coleoptera)

Photo:

Hemiptera,Coleoptera7.jpg

Distinguishing morphological features of Order Hemiptera:

  • Body: hemelytra, antennae, six legs.
  • Mouthparts: sucking, formed into a beak, usually several segmented.


Ecological Importance:

  • Sustenance for other animals
  • Population control

Economic/agricultural/human health importance:

  • Hemiptera are important in agriculture because they are known to cause direct damage to plants by herbivory and indirectly by transporting diseases.
  • Predatory Hemiptera have also been used in agricultural systems to control pests



Order: Hymenoptera

Photo:

Hymenotera1.jpg Hymenotera1a.jpg


Distinguishing morphological features of Order Hymenoptera:

  • Body: wasp-like often constricted between thorax and abdomen, antennae, six legs. when wings are present four membranous forward wings little larger hind-wing
  • Mouthparts: chewing, always with well-developed chewing mandibles, sometimes maxillae and labium elongated into a sucking.


Ecological Importance:

  • Sustenance for other animals
  • Population control

Economic/agricultural/human health importance:

  • Pollinates crops
  • Controls pest population


Order: Hemiptera

(originally thought to be in the order Coleoptera)

Photo:

Hemiptera,Coleoptera2.jpg


Distinguishing morphological features of Order Hemiptera:

  • Body: hemelytra, antennae, six legs.
  • Mouthparts: sucking, formed into a beak, usually several segmented.


Ecological Importance:

  • Sustenance for other animals
  • Population control

Economic/agricultural/human health importance:

  • Hemiptera are important in agriculture because they are known to cause direct damage to plants by herbivory and indirectly by transporting diseases.
  • Predatory Hemiptera have also been used in agricultural systems to control pests



Order: Coleoptera

Photo:

Coleoptera4.jpg


Distinguishing morphological features of Order Coleoptera:

  • Body: pronotum usually large, antennae, six legs.
  • Mouthparts: chewing, mouthparts are at the end of a long ventral extension of the head.


Ecological Importance:

  • Sustenance for other animals
  • Population control

Economic/agricultural/human health importance:

  • Major pests of agricultural plants and stored products
  • Decomposers and recyclers of organic nutrients
  • Important biological control agents of aphids and scale insects


Order: Diptera

(originally thought to belong to the order Hymenoptera)

Photo

Diptera,Hymenotera5.jpg Diptera,Hymenotera5a.jpg


Distinguishing morphological features of Order Diptera:

  • Body: only forward wing is developed, the hind wing is reduced to knob-like halteres, antennae, six legs. Eyes are usually large


Ecological Importance:

  • Sustenance for other animals
  • Population control

Economic/agricultural/human health importance:

  • Pests of agricultural plants
  • Transmit diseases to humans and domestic animals
  • Pollinate flowering plants
  • Assist in the decomposition of organic matter
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