GGC Fernandez Tabor II fall 2016

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GGC Downstream


Contents

Diptera

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Location of collection: Georgia Gwinnett College Downstream Site

Location: 33 degrees 58' 41.90"N, Longitude; 84 degree 1' 9.13"W

Date of collection: 8/29/2016

H': 3.375

Collectors: Fernandez Tabor, Milan Panchal, Latedra Tucker, John Karaulic

Distinguishing morphological features of Order: Only front wings are developed, while the hind wings are knob-like structures. Eyes are usually large and body is almost always 5 segmented.

Ecological Importance: Diptera are very abundant in aquatic ecosystems and thus they are a reliable food source for many vertebrates

Economic/agricultural/human health importance: Some flies are pests of agricultural plants, others transmit diseases to humans and domestic animals.




Hymenoptera

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Location of collection: Georgia Gwinnett College Downstream Site

Location: 33 degrees 58' 41.90"N, Longitude; 84 degree 1' 9.13"W

Date of collection: 8/29/2016

H': 3.375

Collectors: Fernandez Tabor, Milan Panchal, Latedra Tucker, John Karaulic

Distinguishing morphological features of Order: Wasp-like, and often constricted between thorax and abdomen. Contain 4 membranous wings (front wings are usually larger). Fairly long antennae with chewing mandibles.

Ecological Importance: Hymenoptera are most important to humans as pollinators of wild and cultivated flowering plants, as parasites of destructive insects, and as makers of honey.

Economic/agricultural/human health importance: Without bees, most plants would not be able to be pollinated and thus humans would have no food to grow. Some Hymenoptera are considered as pests because they can destroy agriculture.




Odonata

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Location of collection: Georgia Gwinnett College Downstream Site

Location: 33 degrees 58' 41.90"N, Longitude; 84 degree 1' 9.13"W

Date of collection: 8/29/2016

H': 3.375

Collectors: Fernandez Tabor, Milan Panchal, Latedra Tucker, John Karaulic

Distinguishing morphological features of Order: Wings are elongated and membranous with many veins held on the sides of the body. Long and slender body is short bristle-like. Eyes are large and take up most of the head. Chewing mouthparts.

Ecological Importance: Most dragonflies and damselflies are regarded as beneficial insects because they feed on small flying insects such as mosquitoes.

Economic/agricultural/human health importance: Odonata are of little economic importance. Their main attraction for humans is aesthetic.




Hymenoptera

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Location of collection: Georgia Gwinnett College Downstream Site

Location: 33 degrees 58' 41.90"N, Longitude; 84 degree 1' 9.13"W

Date of collection: 8/29/2016

H': 3.375

Collectors: Fernandez Tabor, Milan Panchal, Latedra Tucker, John Karaulic

Distinguishing morphological features of Order: Wasp-like, and often constricted between thorax and abdomen. Contain 4 membranous wings (front wings are usually larger). Fairly long antennae with chewing mandibles.

Ecological Importance: Hymenoptera are most important to humans as pollinators of wild and cultivated flowering plants, as parasites of destructive insects, and as makers of honey

Economic/agricultural/human health importance: Without bees, most plants would not be able to be pollinated and thus humans would have no food to grow. Some hymenoptera are considered as pests because they can destroy agriculture.



Coleoptera

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Location of collection: Georgia Gwinnett College Downstream Site

Location: 33 degrees 58' 41.90"N, Longitude; 84 degree 1' 9.13"W

Date of collection 8/29/2016

H': 3.375

Collectors: Fernandez Tabor, Milan Panchal, Latedra Tucker, John Karaulic

Distinguishing morphological features of Order: Front wings are hardened, nearly always meeting in a straight line. Elytra covers hind wings and abdomen segmentation is not visible from above. Chewing mouth parts.

Ecological Importance: As a group, they feed on a wide variety of diets, inhabit all terrestrial and fresh-water environments, and exhibit a number of different life styles. Many species are herbivores -- variously adapted to feed on the roots, stems, leaves, or reproductive structures of their host plants.

Economic/agricultural/human health importance: Many beetles are regarded as major pests of agricultural plants and stored products. They attack all parts of living plants as well as processed fibers, grains, and wood products. Scavengers and wood boring beetles are useful as decomposers and recyclers of organic nutrients.




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