Group 3, Homoptera Spring 2016
Allison Claybrook- Homoptera Species 1
Location: Latitude: 33°58'56.2" N, Longitude: 84°00'06.2" W
Date of Collection: February 6th, 2016
H’ Value for GGC 4: 2.256948328
Distinguishing Features: Homoptera consist of mouthparts that are sectorial, formed into a beak, segmented, and rising from the back of the head. Homoptera have two pairs of wings, the wings consist of a leather or membranous, uniform texture, and at rest the wings are placed roof-like over the abdomen. Homoptera have antennae that are short and bristle-like or long and slender with 10 or less segments. The Aphid form of Homoptera are pear-shaped, have wings or wingless, with long antennae and consist of two posterior tubes called cornicles.
Ecological Importance: Aphids and plant hoppers are important plant diseases to control invasive species of plants or control the plant populations.
Economic/Agricultural/Health Importance: Some important contributions the Homoptera provide for humans include its secretion of lac. The lac is refined and used for shellac and varnishes. Aphids and scale insects of the Homoptera produce waxes that are used in candle wax, medicines, and candies. Some species of Scale insects of the Homoptera have been used for red dyes in clothing, food, and medicines.