Group 3, Hymenoptera
Meagan Coleman- Hymenoptera Species 1
Location of collection: Lat: 33°58'56.2" N Long: 84°00'06.2" W
Date: February 6, 2016
Collector: Meagan Coleman
Order characteristics: Wings- when present, 4 membranous, FW little larger than HW. 1 or more small hooks on anterior margin of HW that are used to couple HW to FW during flight.
Body- often "wasp-like", often constricted between thorax and abdomen.
Antennae- fairly long, usually greater than 10 segments.
Mouthparts- chewing, always with well developed chewing mandibles, sometimes maxillae and labium elongated into sucking tongue.
Tarsi- 5 segmented
Ovipositor- well developed, sometimes long, sometimes modified into a sting.
Ecological Importance: Pollinators of plants
Economic Importance: Without pollinators, there will be no plant reproduction.
Alex Menkes- Hymenoptera Species 2
Location of collection:
Lat: 33°58'56.2" N Long: 84°00'06.2" W
Date of collection: February 2016
Distinguishing morphological features of Order:
range in size from 8/100 to 1 inch red, brown, yellow, or black Have a metallic luster Chewing mouthparts One pair of antennae Body divided into three sections
Function as herbivores and scavengers Help break down decaying plant and animal matter Help aerate the soil Seed dispersion Pollinators
Economic/agricultural/human health importance:
Important for enrichment of soil and nutrient cycling Help feed on crop pests Used in traditional medicine Citrus production by the weaver ant