Group 4 Diptera Spring 2016

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Diptera


Morphospecies 1 (Isabel Sloop)

Location of collection: GGC Site 2 = (Lat: 38° 58'58.43N Long: 84° 00'21.33W)

Date of collection: March 2016

Shannon-Wiener Index of Biodiversity: H'= 2.83

Photo: Diptera1-1.jpg

Distinguishing morphological features of Order:

- Wings: only forward wings are developed, hindwings are reduced to halters. Eyes are usually large, and normally five segments in the body. Mouth parts can vary.

Geographical Distribution:

- Tropical or warm climates.

Life cycle:

- The male and female mate, and then the female will lay her eggs close to a food source, and the eggs will immediately hatch after being laid; sometimes they even hatch inside the mother.

Sexual dimorphism:

- In certain species, such as the mosquito, the female and males are the same size in body, but the wings and legs are much larger on the male. In other species the differences are minimal.

What it eats:

- At the larval stage they will eat fungi and plants including fruit. At the adult stage it could feed off of blood, from humans or from other animals that it preys on. 

Ecological Importance:

- Flies and mosquitoes are vectors of many different diseases including but not limited to: malaria, dengue, West Nile virus, yellow fever, and encephalitis.



Morphospecies 2 (Isabel Sloop)

Location of collection: GGC Site 2 = (Lat: 38° 58'58.43N Long: 84° 00'21.33W)

Date of collection: March 2016

Shannon-Wiener Index of Biodiversity: H'= 2.83

Photo: Diptera2-1.jpg

Distinguishing morphological features of Order:

- Wings: only forward wings are developed, hindwings are reduced to halters. Eyes are usually large, and normally five segments in the body. Mouth parts can vary.

Geographical Distribution:

- Tropical or warm climates.

Life cycle:

- The male and female mate, and then the female will lay her eggs close to a food source, and the eggs will immediately hatch after being laid; sometimes they even hatch inside the mother.

Sexual dimorphism:

- In certain species, such as the mosquito, the female and males are the same size in body, but the wings and legs are much larger on the male. In other species the differences are minimal.

What it eats:

- At the larval stage they will eat fungi and plants including fruit. At the adult stage it could feed off of blood, from humans or from other animals that it preys on. 

Ecological Importance:

- Flies and mosquitoes are vectors of many different diseases including but not limited to: malaria, dengue, West Nile virus, yellow fever, and encephalitis.

Morphospecies 2

Location of collection: GGC Site 2 = (Lat: 38° 58'58.43N Long: 84° 00'21.33W)

Date of collection: March 2016

Shannon-Wiener Index of Biodiversity: H'= 2.83

Diptera22.jpg

Distinguishing morphological features of Order:

- Wings: only forward wings are developed, hindwings are reduced to halters. Eyes are usually large, and normally five segments in the body. Mouth parts can vary.

Geographical Distribution:

- Tropical or warm climates.

Life cycle:

- The male and female mate, and then the female will lay her eggs close to a food source, and the eggs will immediately hatch after being laid; sometimes they even hatch inside the mother.

Sexual dimorphism:

- In certain species, such as the mosquito, the female and males are the same size in body, but the wings and legs are much larger on the male. In other species the differences are minimal.

What it eats:

- At the larval stage they will eat fungi and plants including fruit. At the adult stage it could feed off of blood, from humans or from other animals that it preys on. 

Ecological Importance:

- Flies and mosquitoes are vectors of many different diseases including but not limited to: malaria, dengue, West Nile virus, yellow fever, and encephalitis.
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