Juan Garcia: Diptera

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Order: Diptera

Family: Dolichopodidae

Location of collection: Environmental Heritage Center Upstream

Morphospecies ID: Diptera Species 5

Date of collection: August 27, 2018 - August 29, 2018

Shannon-Wiener Index of Biodiversity: H' = 3.898

Rank abundance: 3

Collectors: Lillian Karroum, Shelby Heller, Matt Tatz, and Juan Garcia

Taxonomic Information:

▪ Body: Tarsi nearly always five segmented, small to medium-sized, usually metallic green or coppery, long legs

▪ Antennae: Usually aristate

• Eyes: Usually large

• Wings: Only FW developed, HW reduced to knob-like halters, one set of wings

Ecological importance and economic importance: Most adult dolichopodids feed on small insects. Dolichopodids lay their larvae in wet soil, under bark, in decaying vegetation, and in water. Insects in the order diptera are an important food source for many larger animals, they are also valued as scavengers. A prominent amount are a nuisance for damaging plants, and some also bite.

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