Kaylyn Flores: Homoptera 2
Location of collection: 33°58'50 N, 84°00'20 W
Date of collection: 09/05-07/2017
Shannon-Wiener Index of Biodiversity: H' = 3.85327
Collectors: Kaylyn Flores, Rhea Bowen-Smith, Raydastepha Dimanche, Amy Figueroa
Distinguishing morphological features of Family:
▪ Mouth: Beak usually short and rising at back of head, sometimes appearing to rise between front coxae
▪ Wing: Winged with 4 wings (rarely only 2), front wing membranous or thickened, hind wings membranous and a little shorter. Wings at rest usually held roofline over body
▪ Antennae: Variable, sometimes short and bristle like, sometimes long and threadlike, rarely absent
▪ Tarsi: 1-3 segmented.
Habits: Plant feeders, each species usually feeds on a particular part of few species of plants. The feeding results in discoloration, distortion, wilting, or stunting of the plant. Heavily infested plants are sometimes killed.
Number of species:
▪ World: 32,000
▪ North America: 6,500
Importance: Are serious pests of cultivated plants, causing damage by feeding and sometimes by serving as vectors of plant diseases. Have a clear, watery fluid discharge that other insects are attracted to.