Lisa Duong: Collembola

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Collembola 64.jpg

Order: Collembola

Family: Sminthuridae

Location of collection: Litte Mulberry Park Upstream: Latitude: 34°04'06.2" N Longitude: 83°88'78.4" W

Date of collection: August 23, 2018

Collectors: Annylu Castro, Lisa Duong, and Amelia Taylor

Most of abundance in Little Mulberry Park Upstream

Shannon-Wiener Index of Biodiversity: H' = 3.166793419

Family Morphological Features: Less than 3 mm long. Mouthparts are retracted in head. Antenna is segmented and longer than head. Three pairs of legs. Wingless. Fused abdominal segments 5 and 6. Body is globular shaped with numerous bristles.

Habitat: They live in soil, leaf litter, fungi, caves, under snow fields, under the bark of trees, decaying logs, termites and ants nests, on surfaces of freshwater, along seashores, and on vegetation.

Ecological Importance: Feed on plant roots. Help plants by keeping harmful bacteria and fungi from building high levels of toxins. Transport beneficial fungi and bacteria to the plant. Play a role in adding nutrients to soil by speeding the decay process and deposit nutrient rich feces back to the soil.

Economic Importance: The positive impact on human is collembola add nutrients to the soil, which help crops grow.The negative impact is that the collembola can damage agricultural crops and mushroom cellars.

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