Organizational Behavior:June 8, 2011

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Listen to the Music

Ibrahima Coumbassa
Song: Live a Little
Artist: Kenny Chesney
Key Lyrics:
Basically that life is going so fast and there is so much stress that there is no time for him.
Balance of work and family life.
Live to Work vs. Work to Live
Decision Making
Goal Setting
The workplace is portrayed as negative.
Questions Raised:
What are our priorities today?
What can we do to make the workplace more fun?
Is money turning us into machines?
Why the song was written:
Hectic American lifestyle.
Singer was feeling burnout by the showbiz world.

Assessment Summary Sheet

"Score" is your score is the first column.
"Possible Score" is the lowest and highest scores anyone could get.
"Class Mean" is the average of the class.
"Class Range" is what the range in scores were for the class.

Mini-Markers Personality Scale

The definition for the terms for this assessment can be found in the textbook.
Neuroticism - emotional stability. If you're low, then you have high emotional stability. If you're high, then you have low emotional stability.

Managerial Aspirations

Desired Scale - this is a subjective measure of how high you would like to aspire in an organization. This is what you "hope" to achieve.
Enacted Scale - measures what you have actually done objectively.


If you are high, you adapt to the situation or environment that you are in. If you are low, then you are pretty much true to yourself regardless of the situation.
Those that are high self-monitor typically have higher career objective success.

Career Motivation

Career Resilience - If you are high, then you have the ability to adapt to changing circumstances, embrace organizational changes, and been able to overcome adversity.
Career Insight - Self-awareness of strengths and weaknesses and clear on what your individual career goals are.
Career Identity - Do you work to live or live to work. If you score high, then you are consumed by your work.

Dominant Needs

nAch (Need for Achievement) - personal desire to achieve.
nAff (Need for Affiliation) - your desire to be a part of the group.
nAut (Need for Autonomy) - the need to have some independence in deciding how you need to structure your life or work.
nPow (Need for Power) - need or desire to influence others to influence others to achieve organizational objectives.
Literature suggests that effective managers have a high need for power and a low need for affiliation.

Learning Styles

Visual - learn better by seeing.
Auditory - learn better by listening.
Tactile - learn better by doing.

Chapter 5

Self-efficacy - your belief if you can accomplish something.
Prior experience, behavior models, persuasion from others, assessment of physical/emotional state influence self-efficacy.
Important for managers to nurture self-efficacy in yourself and in others.
Higher self-efficacy tends to result in higher performance.
How to Build Self-Esteem:
Live Consciously
Be Self-Accepting
Take Personal Responsibility
Be Self-Assertive
Live Purposefully
Have Personal Integrity
Learned Helplessness - debilitating lack of faith in one's ability to control the situation.
Self-Monitoring - the extent to which a person observes their own self-expressive behavior and adapts it to the situation.
Positive relationship between high self-monitoring and career success.
Personality - stable and mental characteristics responsible for a person's identity. There are 5 dimensions of personality that can be found in the book.
Past behavior predicts future behavior.
Conscientiousness - has the strongest positive correlation with job and training performance.
Extraversion - associated with success for managers and salespeople.
Proactive Personality - an action-oriented person who shows initiative and perseveres to change things.
Internal Locus of Control - attributing outcomes to one's own actions.
External Locus of Control - believing performance is the product of circumstances beyond one's immediate control.

How to Build Stamina

Take care of your body
Take breaks
Notice what brings on negative emotions
Cultivate positive feelings by expressing appreciation to others
When you can, do one thing at a time
Humility - considering the contributions of others and good fortune when gauging one's success.
The silent virtue.

The Nature of Attitudes

Attitude - how you respond to a person, object, or a situation.
Affective Components - the feelings or emotions one has about an object or situation. Ex. "I don't like math"
Cognitive Component - beliefs or ideas one has about an object or situation. Ex. "Math is a complex and in-depth subject"
Behavioral Component - how one intends to act or behave toward someone or something. Ex. "I'm not doing my math homework"
Cognitive Dissonance - psychological discomfort a person experiences what his or her attitudes or beliefs are incompatible between their attitudes, beliefs, and behavior.
Basically when you think one way but act another.
How People Reduce Dissonance:
Change your attitude or behavior, or both.
Belittle the importance of the inconsistent behavior.
Find consonant elements that outweigh the dissonant ones.

Intelligence and Cognitive Abilities

Intelligence - capacity for constructive thinking, reasoning, and problem solving.
Mental Abilities - look at the table in the book.
Emotional Intelligence - ability to manage oneself and one's relationships in mature and constructive ways.

Positive and Negative Emotions

Never good to show emotional extremes at the work place.

Chapter 6 & 7

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