Organizational Behavior:June 8, 2011
Listen to the Music
- Ibrahima Coumbassa
- Song: Live a Little
- Artist: Kenny Chesney
- Key Lyrics:
- Basically that life is going so fast and there is so much stress that there is no time for him.
- Balance of work and family life.
- Live to Work vs. Work to Live
- Decision Making
- Goal Setting
- The workplace is portrayed as negative.
- Questions Raised:
- What are our priorities today?
- What can we do to make the workplace more fun?
- Is money turning us into machines?
- Why the song was written:
- Hectic American lifestyle.
- Singer was feeling burnout by the showbiz world.
Assessment Summary Sheet
- "Score" is your score is the first column.
- "Possible Score" is the lowest and highest scores anyone could get.
- "Class Mean" is the average of the class.
- "Class Range" is what the range in scores were for the class.
Mini-Markers Personality Scale
- The definition for the terms for this assessment can be found in the textbook.
- Neuroticism - emotional stability. If you're low, then you have high emotional stability. If you're high, then you have low emotional stability.
- Desired Scale - this is a subjective measure of how high you would like to aspire in an organization. This is what you "hope" to achieve.
- Enacted Scale - measures what you have actually done objectively.
- If you are high, you adapt to the situation or environment that you are in. If you are low, then you are pretty much true to yourself regardless of the situation.
- Those that are high self-monitor typically have higher career objective success.
- Career Resilience - If you are high, then you have the ability to adapt to changing circumstances, embrace organizational changes, and been able to overcome adversity.
- Career Insight - Self-awareness of strengths and weaknesses and clear on what your individual career goals are.
- Career Identity - Do you work to live or live to work. If you score high, then you are consumed by your work.
- nAch (Need for Achievement) - personal desire to achieve.
- nAff (Need for Affiliation) - your desire to be a part of the group.
- nAut (Need for Autonomy) - the need to have some independence in deciding how you need to structure your life or work.
- nPow (Need for Power) - need or desire to influence others to influence others to achieve organizational objectives.
- Literature suggests that effective managers have a high need for power and a low need for affiliation.
- Visual - learn better by seeing.
- Auditory - learn better by listening.
- Tactile - learn better by doing.
- Self-efficacy - your belief if you can accomplish something.
- Prior experience, behavior models, persuasion from others, assessment of physical/emotional state influence self-efficacy.
- Important for managers to nurture self-efficacy in yourself and in others.
- Higher self-efficacy tends to result in higher performance.
- How to Build Self-Esteem:
- Live Consciously
- Be Self-Accepting
- Take Personal Responsibility
- Be Self-Assertive
- Live Purposefully
- Have Personal Integrity
- Learned Helplessness - debilitating lack of faith in one's ability to control the situation.
- Self-Monitoring - the extent to which a person observes their own self-expressive behavior and adapts it to the situation.
- Positive relationship between high self-monitoring and career success.
- Personality - stable and mental characteristics responsible for a person's identity. There are 5 dimensions of personality that can be found in the book.
- Past behavior predicts future behavior.
- Conscientiousness - has the strongest positive correlation with job and training performance.
- Extraversion - associated with success for managers and salespeople.
- Proactive Personality - an action-oriented person who shows initiative and perseveres to change things.
- Internal Locus of Control - attributing outcomes to one's own actions.
- External Locus of Control - believing performance is the product of circumstances beyond one's immediate control.
How to Build Stamina
- Take care of your body
- Take breaks
- Notice what brings on negative emotions
- Cultivate positive feelings by expressing appreciation to others
- When you can, do one thing at a time
- Humility - considering the contributions of others and good fortune when gauging one's success.
- The silent virtue.
The Nature of Attitudes
- Attitude - how you respond to a person, object, or a situation.
- Affective Components - the feelings or emotions one has about an object or situation. Ex. "I don't like math"
- Cognitive Component - beliefs or ideas one has about an object or situation. Ex. "Math is a complex and in-depth subject"
- Behavioral Component - how one intends to act or behave toward someone or something. Ex. "I'm not doing my math homework"
- Cognitive Dissonance - psychological discomfort a person experiences what his or her attitudes or beliefs are incompatible between their attitudes, beliefs, and behavior.
- Basically when you think one way but act another.
- How People Reduce Dissonance:
- Change your attitude or behavior, or both.
- Belittle the importance of the inconsistent behavior.
- Find consonant elements that outweigh the dissonant ones.
Intelligence and Cognitive Abilities
- Intelligence - capacity for constructive thinking, reasoning, and problem solving.
- Mental Abilities - look at the table in the book.
- Emotional Intelligence - ability to manage oneself and one's relationships in mature and constructive ways.
Positive and Negative Emotions
- Never good to show emotional extremes at the work place.