Pinus taeda (spring 16)

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Latin Name

Pinus taeda

Common Name(s)

Loblolly pine

Plant Family


Plant Description (Height/Habit/General Characteristics)

Lobollly pines grow to heights of 98 - 115 ft. tall and most often grow in lowlands and swampy areas that contain acidic soil conditions.



Leaf Description

The leaf of the Pinus taeda are needles. These needles are called Evergreen needles because of their 2 two life span. They grow from 4.7 - 8 inches. They are bundled in groups of three and are sometimes twisted.

Leaf photo


Flower Description

The flowers on the Virginia pine tree are cylindrical in shape, usually always brown and grow in the spring

The flower surrounds the male cone.


Picture from

Seed Description

The seeds are ready to germinate in the middle to late august then mature in late September to early November.

Pine cone Description

The female cone the much larger cone and the male cones are the smaller yellowish ones.


Bark/Stem Description

The Virginia pine has a bark that is thin and it's color is orange-brown. On older tree's the bark is ridged because of the branching.


Other Information

The Loblolly pine tree belongs to the gymnosperm group. These trees grow to great heights. These pines are also famous for their production of turpintine

Distinguishing Characteristics:

The pair of 3 needles in each fascicles of the Loblolly pine tree remain for 2 years before falling to the ground then they shed off the needles. Cones usually do not develop until roughly 3-4 years old. The needles are sometimes twisted but for the most part are straight. The flowers are yellowish-green and cylindrical in shape, but the flowers are not needed for spreading its pollen so they have been naturally selected to become attractive, and they bloom around mid-spring.


Collection Location on GGC’s Campus

Found north side of B building.


lowlands, marshlands, and swampy areas are the most desired but the soil conditions of the southeast United States are acidic and where the loblolly grows natively.


Historic Range

Mainly the eastern side of the US.


Range Map


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Cultural Information

This tree has been important to south since the forming of the U.S. as a cash crop used in timber production and construction, and turpentine production.

This page was created by:

Demarius Tookes BIOL 3310K

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