Shazia Shikarpurya: Lepidoptera

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Taxonomic information:

  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Euarthropoda
  • Class: Insecta
  • Order: Lepidoptera
  • Superorder: Amphiesmenoptera

Location of collection: 34.0534° N, 83.8911° W

Date of collection: September 19, 2018

Shannon - Wiener H' value: 3.28402532

Rank abundance: 2

Collectors: AJ, Blessing, Shazia, and Priya

Distinguishing morphological features:

  • Wings: It is large, membranous, FW is little longer than HW, and wings are largely or entirely covered with scales
  • Mouthparts: It is sucking in the form of the coiled tube at rest and it is generally labial palps, but it is not maxillary palps visible
  • Antennae: It is slender, long, and sometimes plumose in moths, that always knobbed in the butterflies

Ecological importance: In the land of environments, most Lepidopterans are considered ecologically important because they migrate large amounts of plant matter into animal matter and then they serve as food for many other groups of animals.

Economic importance: Most of the Lepidoptera are known for their beauty and perfection, and few of them are useful in commerce such as silkworm and Bombyx mori. The larvae of these insects are more destructive to agricultural crops and forest trees than any other group of insects.

Public health importance: Lepidoptera is one of the most important groups to understand the different aspects of biodiversity. There are about 180,000 of Lepidoptera that constitutes one of the four megadiverse orders on the planet and then demonstrate the largest radiation of primary herbivorous organisms.

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