Specimen 169 - Jamie Vu
Location of collection: GGC2
Date of collection: October 2012
Shannon-Wiener Index of Biodiversity:
Distinguishing morphological features of Order:
Small to large insects; heavy two winged; well-developed mandibles; compound eyes with three ocelli; hind wing bears hamuli that locks to fore wing; evolved ovipositor for slicing plant tissues, piercing, sting, or inject vemon;
Larvae resemble caterpillar or maggot like appearance, prolegs have no grasping spines, stub-like antennae, soft bodies with no limbs, and incomplete digestive tracts.
Sub-order ? Family ? After sequencing, genus and species ?
Varied. Largest Order that is distributed throughout the world.
Complete metamorphosis (holometabolus). Life cycle has egg, larva, pupa, and adult. Some larvae (such as sawflies) are caterpillar-like, most are grub-like, lacking legs.
Haplodiploid sex determination; spectacular sex differences; hard-working females hunt for prey or other larval provisions; males, by contrast, lead short lives (sometimes nasty and brutish), devoted to the single purpose of inseminating females.
What it eats:Larval/nymphal stage Adult stage
Wide range of feeding habits; most forms are typically herbivorous, feeding on leaves and pine needles; stinger insect are predators that will provide for their larvae; others feed on nectar or pollen.
Habitat: Larval/nymphal stage Adult stage
Larvae adapted to life in protected environment. This maybe host of other organism or cell in a nest where adults will care for. Adults are varied but mostly found on flowers.
Ecological Importance: Larval/nymphal stage Adult stage
As the principal insect pollinators of flowering plants, the Hymenoptera have played a vital ecological role ever since the two groups evolved. The mutual dependency of many species of bees and wasps and flowering plants is firmly established. Indeed, many plants cannot reproduce without the helpful intervention of a particular insect species, most often a hymenopteran.
Economic/agricultural/human health importance: Larval/nymphal stage Adult stage
Hymenoptera, the most prevalent and successful of insect parasites, exert a profound, if subtle, control over populations of other insects and certain other arthropods—groups that might otherwise overpopulate and thus upset their particular ecosystem. Humans have utilized this control mechanism to their own advantage by importing, breeding, and maintaining many species of Hymenoptera parasites that prey upon insect pests.
PCR product: gel picture?