Specimen 185- Crystal Sims

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HYM4 185.jpg

Location of collection: GGC 3

Date of collection: 08/28/2012

Shannon-Wiener Index of Biodiversity: H'= 1.891

Distinguishing morphological features of Order: Large antena, wings have relatively few veins, narrowing waist (abdomen) in wasps and stinger.



genus and species ?

Geographical Distribution: Hymenoptera originated in the Triassic, the oldest fossils belonging to the family Xyelidae. Social hymenopterans appeared during the Cretaceous

Life cycle: After successfully mating, the male's sperm cells are stored in a tightly packed ball inside the queen. After winter months, Queen finds nesting site. queen constructs a basic wood fiber nest roughly the size of a walnut into which she will begin to lay eggs. The sperm that was stored earlier and kept dormant over winter is now used to fertilize the eggs being laid. By this time the nest size has expanded considerably and now numbers between several hundred and several thousand wasps. Towards the end of the summer, the queen begins to run out of stored sperm to fertilize more eggs. These eggs develop into fertile males and fertile female queens.

Sexual dimorphism: The young develop through complete metamorphosis — that is, they have a worm-like larval stage and an inactive pupal stage before they mature

What it eats: typically herbivorous, feeding on leaves or pine needles. Stinging wasps are predators, and will provision their larvae with immobilised prey.

Habitat: Nearly all wasps are terrestrial; only a few specialized parasitic groups are aquatic.

Ecological Importance: a few species can effectively transport pollen and therefore contribute for the pollination of several plant species,

Economic/agricultural/human health importance: Pollination

PCR product: gel picture?

Sequence data:

Reference: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hymenoptera

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