Specimen 230- Rochelle Boothe

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Location of collection:

GGC site 3

Date of collection:

September 2012

Shannon-Wiener Index of Biodiversity:


Distinguishing morphological features of Order:

3 body segments 6 legs 1 pair of antennae Diverse modifications to appendages

Organ of flight attached to the thorax. In the bee, the front and rear wings on each side are attached and beat together.Segmented posterior portion of a bee’s body containing the major vital organs. Non-specialized articulated member attached to the central segment of the thorax; it has a motor function and is used to clean the thorax and the wings.Articulated member attached to the first segment of the thorax; it has a motor function and is used to clean the eyes and the antennae.Sensory organ made up of several segments and having mainly tactile and olfactory functions.Organ of vision made up of thousands of facets that perceive shapes, colors, motion and distance.Portion of a bee’s body divided into three segments housing the motor appendages, such as the legs and wings.


  • Apricota


  • Apidae

After sequencing, genus and species?

Geographical Distribution:

World wide

Life cycle:

  • egg/larva/pupa/adult-->complete metamorphosis
  • The eggs are described as having an appearance similar to sausage-shaped poppy seeds. Each egg has a small opening at the broad end of the egg, the micropyle, that allows for passage of sperm. Hatching takes place three days after egg laying.The larval stage lasts eight to nine days. Upon hatching, the larva is almost microscopic, resembling a small, white, curved, segmented worm lacking legs and eyes. For the first two days, all larvae are fed a diet of royal jelly. Beginning the third day, worker larvae are fed honey, pollen and water, while the larvae destined to become queens continue to receive royal jelly throughout their larval lives. Regardless of whether the larva is male or female, it molts five times during its larval stage.The pupal stage is a stage of massive reorganization of tissues. Organs undergo a complete reorganization, while body changes from the worm-like larval body shape to the adult body shape with three distinct body regions. Pupation periods vary: queens require up to 7.5 days, drones require 14.5 days, while workers require 12 days.Adult bees are either workers (sterile females), queens (fertile females), or drones (fertile males). A typical honeybee colony consists of 50,000-60,000 sterile workers, 500 to 1000 drones (fertile males) and one queen, the only fertile female in the colony and mother of the entire population of the hive.

Sexual dimorphism:

  • Females larger than males

What it eats:Larval/nymphal stage Adult stage

  • Pollen and nectar

Habitat: Larval/nymphal stage Adult stage

Found in woodlands, meadows, orchards, gardens, and other areas with an abundance of flower-bearing plants.

Ecological Importance: Larval/nymphal stage Adult stage

  • Pollination
  • Honey
  • Increase Biodiversity

Economic/agricultural/human health importance: Larval/nymphal stage Adult stage

  • Many humans are allergic

PCR product: gel picture?

Sequence data:

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