Stefany Alvarado: Diptera

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IMG 8149.jpg

Taxonomic Information:

  • Order: Diptera
  • Suborder: Nematocera
  • Family: Simuliidae

Date of collection: August 27, 2018

Location of collection: George Pierce park (upstream)

Shannon-Wiener H' Value: 2.86489530810314

Rank Abundance: 43/140

Collectors: Stefany Alvarado, Alexis Shephard, Christina Garcia, & Dell Kramer

Distinguishing Morphological features:

  • Body: large and moveable head.
  • eyes: compound eyes often very large. The mesothorax enlarged, with the prothorax and metathorax small.
  • Wings: One pair of wings (forewings). Hindwing's reduced to club-like halters, used for balance.
  • Mouthparts: Sucking, piercing, and sucking or sponge-like mouthparts, adapted for a liquid diet.
  • Antennae: Relatively long antennae with many segments of similar shape and size.

Ecological Importance & Economic Importance:

  • One of the largest and diverse insects orders toward species richness, habitat exploitation, and life habitats.
  • One of the importance in terms of its interaction with humans, such as spreading diseases and causing agricultural losses.
  • These insects are also a crucial importance to forensic science.
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