Taylor Bowen: Homoptera

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TGBhomoptera.png

Family: Aphididae

Location of collection: 34°03'00.5"N 83°53'21.3"W

Date of collection: 09/27/2018

Shannon-Wiener Index of Biodiversity: H' = 3.2060663

Rank abundance: 2

Collectors: Taylor Bowen, Christina Rojasycaza, Deidrea Darroux, Tim Hoang

Distinguishing morphological features of Family:

▪ Soft-bodied and pear-shaped

▪ Most have cornicles, a pair of tubes projecting dorsally from the posterior abdomen, that produce fatty alarm pheromones when attacked by predators

▪ Can be winged or wingless

▪ Sucking mouthparts in the form of a long segmented rostrum

▪ Long antennae

▪ Typically green, red, or brown

Ecological and Economic importance: Aphids are pests and directly impact the agriculture industry. They cause direct damage to plants from feeding and carry the most plant virus vectors of any insect family. Aphids also produce honeydew, which promotes the growth of mold and attracts nuisance ants.

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